Nature and Wildlife Facts

As many as 128 species of wild mammals representing 9 orders, 27 families 

have been recorded in the Annapurna Conservation Area. Seven species of mammals, new to Nepal recorded in this region were Steppe Polecat; Kasmir Musk Deer; Tibetan Gazelle; Pallas’s Cat; Kiang; Wolf and Tibetan Argali. Globally Critically Endangered species like Chinese Pangolin, Endangered species like Kasmir Musk deer, Himalayan Musk deer and Vulnerable species such as the Snow Leopard, Clouded Leopard, Red Panda and Himalayan Black Bear also occur in the area. Further research and surveys may discover more species.

Protected Mammals of ACA

S.NEnglish NameScientific Name
1Red PandaAilurus Fulgens
2Musk DeerMoschus Cyrysogaster
3Snow LeopardPanthera Uncia
4LynxFelis Lynx
5Leopard CatPrionailurus Bengalensis
6Great Tibetan Brown BearOvis Ammon
7Himalayan Brown BearUrsus Arctos
8Gray WolfCanis Lupus

Protected Birds of ACA

S.NEnglish NameScientific Name
1Impeyan PheasantLophophorus Impejanus
2Crimson Horned PheasantTragopan Satyra
3Cheer PheasantCatreus Wallichii

Orchids in Panchase

Panchase Orchids

Orchids are one of the largest plant families in Nepal. About 506 species are distributed throughout the country and 142 wild species within 52 genera are reported from the Panchase forest. The most abundant genera of Orchids in the Panchase area of Annapurna Rural Municipality are

  • Bulbophyllum (20 species)
  • Dendrobium (15 species)
  • Pinalia (8 species)
  • Oberonia (7 species)
  • Coelogyne (6 species)
  • Cymbidium (6 species)
  • Gastrochilus (5 species)
  • Liparis (5 species)
  • Calanthe (4 species)
  • Goodyera (4 species)
  • Herminium (4 species)
  • Odontochilus (4 species)
  • Pholidota (4 species)
  • Zeuxine (4 species)
  • Otochilus (3 species) 

The peak flowering season for orchids in the Panchase region is July to August. It is observed that more than 60% of orchids bloom in this period. Spring brings Coelogyne species to bloom while August brings different species of Cymbidium, Bulbophyllun, Goodyera, and Panisea to bloom making the forest colorful and vibrant. The period between March - April and July - September would be the best time to visit Panchase to observe the blooming orchids.

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